中文版(Chinese)

 Home | About GIPC | Schools Departments | Administration | Facility setting | English-aided study 
Hot News
Picture News
Have you ever seen such a campus?Mist of ...【More】
Campus Spring Scenery【More】
On September 10th,with cool autumn wind a...【More】
The new appearances of college campus in ...【More】
On December 8, Accompanied by the directo...【More】
Level: Home > English-aided study > Content
Wilma Rudolph
2013-10-10 Yunjie Li    (Click: )

Wilma Rudolph (June 23, 1940–November 12, 1994) was an American athlete. Rudolph was considered the fastest woman in the world in the 1960s and competed in two Olympic Games, in 1956 and in 1960.

In the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome she became the first American woman to win three gold medals in track and field during a single Olympic Games. Along with other 1960 Olympic athletes, Rudolph became an international star due to the first international television coverage of the Olympics that year.

The powerful sprinter emerged from the 1960 Rome Olympics as“The Tornado”(龙卷风), the fastest woman on earth. The Italians nicknamed her“La Gazzella Negra”(the Black Gazelle黑羚羊); to the French she was“La Perle Noire”(the Black Pearl黑珍珠).

Wilma Rudolph was born in nineteen forty, in Saint Bethlehem, Tennessee. She was born too early and only weighed two kilograms. She had many illnesses when she was very young, including pneumonia and scarlet fever. She also had polio, which damaged her left leg. When she was six years old, she began to wear metal leg braces because she could not use that leg. Every week, Wilma’s mother drove her to a special doctor eighty kilometers away. There, she got physical treatments to help heal her leg.

She later said,“My doctors told me I would never walk again. My mother told me I would. I believed my mother.”

Soon, her family’s attention and care showed results. By the time she was nine years old, she no longer needed her leg braces. As a teenager, Wilma joined the girl’s basketball team at Burt High School. C.C. Gray was the coach who supervised the team. She did very well in high school basketball. She once scored forty-nine points in one game, which broke the Tennessee state record.

Many people noted that Wilma was a very good basketball player and a very good athlete. One of these people was Ed Temple, who coached the track team of runners at Tennessee State University. Ed Temple asked C. C. Gray to organize a girl’s track team at the high school. He thought Wilma Rudolph would make a very good runner. She did very well on the new track team.

Wilma Rudolph went to her first Olympic Games when she was sixteen years old and still in high school. She competed in the nineteen fifty-six games in Melbourne, Australia. She was the youngest member of the United States team. She won a bronze medal, or third place, in the sprint relay event.

In nineteen fifty-seven, Wilma Rudolph started Tennessee State University, where she joined the track team. Wilma Rudolph trained hard while in college. She did very well at her track competitions against teams from other colleges. In nineteen sixty, she set the world record for the fastest time in the two thousand meter event. She said:“I ran and ran and ran every day, and I acquired this sense of determination, this sense of spirit that I would never, never give up, no matter what else happened.”

That same year, Wilma Rudolph went to the Olympics again, this time in Rome, Italy. She won two gold medals—first place—in the one hundred meter and the two hundred meter races. She set a new Olympic record of twenty-three point two seconds for the two hundred meter dash.

Her team also won the gold medal in the four hundred meter sprint relay event, setting a world record of forty-four point five seconds. These three gold medals made her one of the most popular athletes at the Rome games. These victories made people call her the“world’s fastest woman.”

(From Wikipedia and PEOPLE IN AMERICA in VOA Special English)

威尔玛·鲁道夫(Wilma Rudolph)因小儿麻痹症而致残,但是这个小时候患肺炎、小儿麻痹,一只脚需要靠铁架矫正鞋走路的小女孩,在1960年罗马奥运会的田径赛事中仍夺得3枚金牌。这个奥运传奇性人物出生于1940年6月23日,是美国田纳西州一个铁路工人家庭的孩子。小时候因为肺炎和腥红热,引发高烧造成小儿麻痹,使得她的左腿萎缩无法走路,必须靠着铁架矫正鞋才能勉强行走。11岁之前,她不能走路,穿上铁鞋才能勉强跟着别人走路。11岁那一年,她第一次把铁鞋脱掉,打赤脚跟着她的哥哥们打篮球玩耍。到了12岁,她已经完全摆脱铁鞋。

脱掉铁鞋之后,她的运动天分逐渐发展开来,才4年的时间,在16岁那一年,入选美国1956年墨尔本奥运会短跑代表队,第一次参加奥运会,她在个人项目200米未能进入决赛,但是她是美国女子4×100米接力队成员,为美国队夺得了铜牌。她获得田纳西州州立大学运动奖学金,进入大学就读并且再度受训,顺利入选美国罗马奥运会代表队,共获得100米、200米和4×100米接力3项比赛金牌,都是以极大差距领先对手。因为她的跑步姿态轻盈美妙,步伐协调,被意大利人誉为“黑羚羊”。1962年她退出田径比赛,开始教师生涯和教练职业,在20世纪80年代成立以她的名字命名的基金会,用于培养年轻运动员。1994年11月12日,这位“黑羚羊”因脑癌病逝,享年54岁。1983年,她入选美国奥运名人堂,1993年被授予美国体育奖。

Previous: The Olympic Games
Next: I have a dream
Close Window
Copyright 2012 Guizhou  Industry  Polytechnic  College  All Rights Reserved.   | ADD:115 Gao Road,Wudang District of Guiyang City Guizhou ,P.R.China  Postcode:550018